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    • By Jim_Alaska in Jim_Alaska's Sermons & Devotionals
      Closed Communion
      James Foley
      I Corinthians 11:17-34: "Now in this that I declare unto you I praise you not, that ye come together not for the better, but for the worse. For first of all, when ye come together in the church, I hear that there be divisions among you; and I partly believe it. For there must be also heresies among you, that they which are approved may be made manifest among you. When ye come together therefore into one place, this is not to eat the Lord's Supper. For in eating every one taketh before other his own supper: and one is hungry, and another is drunken. What? have ye not houses to eat and to drink in? or despise ye the church of God, and shame them that have not? What shall I say to you? shall I praise you in this? I praise you not. For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus the same night in which he was betrayed took bread: And when he had given thanks, he brake it, and said, Take, eat: this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me. After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me. For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do show the Lord's death till he come. Wherefore whosoever shall eat this bread, and drink this cup of the Lord, unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord. But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup. For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord's body. For this cause many are weak and sickly among you, and many sleep. For if we would judge ourselves, we should not be judged. But when we are judged, we are chastened of the Lord, that we should not be condemned with the world. Wherefore, my brethren, when ye come together to eat, tarry one for another. And if any man hunger, let him eat at home; that ye come not together unto condemnation. And the rest will I set in order when I come."


      Historic Baptists, true Baptists, have believed in and still believe in closed communion. Baptists impose upon themselves the same restrictions that they impose on others concerning the Lord’s Supper. Baptists have always insisted that it is the Lord’s Table, not theirs; and He alone has the right to say who shall sit at His table. No amount of so called brotherly love, or ecumenical spirit, should cause us to invite to His table those who have not complied with the requirements laid down plainly in His inspired Word. With respect to Bible doctrines we must always use the scripture as our guide and practice. For Baptists, two of the most important doctrines are Baptism and The Lord’s Supper. These are the only two doctrines we recognize as Church Ordinances. The Bible is very clear in teaching how these doctrines are to be practiced and by whom.

      We only have two ordinances that we must never compromise or we risk our very existence, they are Baptism and The Lord’s Supper.

      The moment we deviate from the precise method God has prescribed we have started down the slippery slope of error. True Baptists have held fast to the original doctrine of The Lord’s Supper from the time of Christ and the Apostles.

      Unfortunately, in this day of what the Bible describes as the age of luke warmness, Baptists are becoming careless in regard to strictly following the pattern laid out for us in Scripture. Many of our Bible colleges are graduating otherwise sincere, Godly and dedicated pastors and teachers who have not been taught the very strict, biblical requirements that surround the Lord’s Supper. Any Bible college that neglects to teach its students the differences surrounding Closed Communion, Close Communion and Open Communion is not simply short changing its students; it is also not equipping their students to carry on sound Bible traditions. The result is men of God and churches that fall into error. And as we will see, this is serious error.

      Should we as Baptists ignore the restrictions made by our Lord and Master? NO! When we hold to the restrictions placed upon the Lord’s Supper by our Master, we are defending the "faith which was once delivered to the saints" Jude 3.

      The Lord’s Supper is rigidly restricted and I will show this in the following facts:


      A. I Corinthians 11:18 says, "When ye come together in the church." This does not mean the church building; they had none. In other words, when the church assembles. The supper is to be observed by the church, in church capacity. Again this does not mean the church house. Ekklesia, the Greek word for church, means assembly. "When ye come together in the church," is when the church assembles.

      B. When we say church we mean an assembly of properly baptized believers. Acts 2:41-42: "Then they that gladly received his word were baptized: and the same day there were added unto them about three thousand souls. And they continued stedfastly in the apostles' doctrine and fellowship, and in breaking of bread, and in prayers."

      The church is made up of saved people who are baptized by immersion. In the Bible, belief precedes baptism. That’s the Bible way.

      Acts 8:12-13, "But when they believed Philip preaching the things concerning the kingdom of God, and the name of Jesus Christ, they were baptized, both men and women. Then Simon himself believed also: and when he was baptized, he continued with Philip, and wondered, beholding the miracles and signs which were done."

      When we say properly baptized, we mean immersed. No unbeliever should take the Lord’s supper, and no non-immersed believer should take the supper. Those who are sprinkled are not baptized and cannot receive the supper. The Greek word for baptize is baptizo, and it always means to immerse.

      "In every case where communion is referred to, or where it may possibly have been administered, the believers had been baptized Acts 2:42; 8:12; 8:38; 10:47; 6:14-15; 18:8; 20:7. Baptism comes before communion, just as repentance and faith precede baptism".

      C. The Lord’s Supper is for baptized believers in church capacity: "When ye come together in the church," again not a building, but the assembly of the properly baptized believers.

      D. The fact that the Lord’s Supper is a church ordinance, to be observed in church capacity, is pointed out by the fact that it is for those who have been immersed and added to the fellowship of the church.

      E. The Lord’s Supper is never spoken of in connection with individuals. When it is referred to, it is only referred to in reference to baptized believers in local church capacity I Cor. 11:20-26).

      I want to quote Dr. W.W. Hamilton,

      "The individual administration of the ordinance has no Bible warrant and is a relic of Romanism. The Lord’s Supper is a church ordinance, and anything which goes beyond or comes short of this fails for want of scriptural example or command".

      “The practice of taking a little communion kit to hospitals, nursing homes, etc. is unscriptural and does not follow the scriptural example.”


      A. The Bible in I Cor. 11:18 is very strong in condemning divisions around the Lord’s table. For first of all, when ye come together in the church, I hear that there be divisions among you; and I partly believe it.
      19 For there must be also heresies among you, that they which are approved may be made manifest among you.
      20 When ye come together therefore into one place, this is not to eat the Lord's supper.

      There were no less than four divisions in the Corinthian church.
      I Cor. 1:12: "Now this I say, that every one of you saith, I am of Paul; and I of Apollos; and I of Cephas; and I of Christ."

      Because of these divisions, it was impossible for them to scripturally eat the Lord’s Supper. Division in the local church is reason to hold off observing the Lord’s Supper. But there are also other reasons to forego taking the Lord’s Supper. If there is gross sin in the membership we do not take it. Here is scriptural evidence for this: 1Co 5:7 Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our Passover is sacrificed for us:
      8 Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth. 9 I wrote unto you in an epistle not to company with fornicators:
      10 Yet not altogether with the fornicators of this world, or with the covetous, or extortioners, or with idolaters; for then must ye needs go out of the world. 11 But now I have written unto you not to keep company, if any man that is called a brother be a fornicator, or covetous, or an idolater, or a railer, or a drunkard, or an extortioner; with such an one no not to eat.

      B. At this point, I want to ask these questions: Are there not doctrinal divisions among the many denominations? Is it not our doctrinal differences that cause us to be separate religious bodies?


      A. Those in the early church at Jerusalem who partook "continued stedfastly in the apostles’ doctrine" Acts 2:42. And they continued stedfastly in the apostles' doctrine and fellowship, and in breaking of bread, and in prayers.

      B. Those that do not hold to apostolic truth are not to partake. This means there is to be discipline in the local body. How can you discipline those who do not belong to the local body? You can’t. The clear command of scripture is to withdraw fellowship from those who are not doctrinally sound.

      II Thes 3:6: "Now we command you, brethren, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that ye withdraw yourselves from every brother that walketh disorderly, and not after the tradition which he received of us."
      Rom. 16:17: "Now I beseech you, brethren, mark them which cause divisions and offences contrary to the doctrine which ye have learned; and avoid them."
      To commune together means to have the same doctrine.
      II Thes. 2:15: "Therefore, brethren, stand fast, and hold the traditions which ye have been taught, whether by word, or our epistle."
      II John 10-11: "If there come any unto you, and bring not this doctrine, receive him not into your house, neither bid him God speed: For he that biddeth him God speed is partaker of his evil deeds."

      C. Some Baptists in our day have watered down this doctrine by practicing what they call “Close Communion.” By this they mean that they believe that members of another Baptist church may take communion with us because they are of the same beliefs. Once again, this is unscriptural.

      The welcome to the Lord's Table should not be extended beyond the discipline of the local church. When we take the Lord’s Supper there is supposed to be no gross sin among us and no divisions among us. We have no idea of the spiritual condition of another church’s members. If there is sin or division in the case of this other church’s members, we have no way of knowing it. We cannot discipline them because they are not members of our church. This is why we practice “Closed” communion, meaning it is restricted solely to our church membership. 
      So then, in closing I would like to reiterate the three different ideas concerning the Lord’s Supper and who is to take it. 
      Closed Communion = Only members of a single local church. 
      Close Communion = Members of like faith and order may partake. 
      Open Communion = If you claim to be a Christian, or simply attending the service, you may partake. 
      It is no small thing to attempt to change that which was implemented by our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. 
      Mt. 28:20 Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen. 
      Many of our Baptist churches have a real need to consider the gravity of the act of observing The Lord’s Supper. It is not a light thing that is to be taken casually or without regard to the spiritual condition of ourselves or our church.
      1Co. 11:27 Wherefore whosoever shall eat this bread, and drink this cup of the Lord, unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord.

       28 But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup.

       29 For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord's body.

       30 For this cause many are weak and sickly among you, and many sleep.

Classical homeschooling memory sentences


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  • Independent Fundamental Baptist

I decided to write my own memory sentences for studying the Middle Ages, and Biology as a family this year.  This is what I wrote up for memory work.  Feel free to share.  


HIStory Sentences

Adapted from Mystery of History Volume 2;

The Early Church and the Middle Ages

Kingfishers History Encyclopedia

Trail of Blood

Everything you need to know about History homework by scholastic publishers


1.     Jesus organizes His church; ‘And Simon Peter answered and said, Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God. And Jesus answered and said unto him, Blessed art thou, Simon Barjona: for flesh and blood hath not revealed it unto thee, but my Father, which is in heaven. And I say also unto thee, that thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. “ Matthew 16: 13- 18

2.     The great Commission given by Christ “Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you always, even unto the end of the world. Amen. “ Matthew 28: 19- 20

3.     29 A.D. the day of Pentecost; the first followers of Jesus were given the power from the Holy Spirit to perform the great Commission (Acts 2)

4.     Paul preaches in Rome as early as 63 AD, soon after Claudia, Pudens and others carry the same gospel to England and Whales giving account to the birth of the Welch Baptists, and a direct link of whole churches migrating to America (Acts 28: 30-31, II Tim 4: 21)

5.     The Mayan empire flourished in the Americas from 250 AD to 900 AD developing a system of writing, 365 day calendar, knowledge of astronomy and mathematics

6.     The first real official separation of churches came about in 251 AD when Baptist Churches declared non-fellowship with the irregular churches, refusing to accept Baptism administered in infancy, by sprinkling or for Salvation, and thus came the oldest nickname - Ana-Baptist which means re-baptizers.

7.     In 313 AD Constantine I signed the Edict of Milan, ensuring freedom from persecution for all Christians in the Roman Empire. These Christians (Baptist) nor the churches ever at that time or later, entered the hierarchy of the Catholic denomination.

8.     The Gupta Empire began in 320 AD marked the Golden age of India, the religion at the time was Buddhism and Hinduism. It ended in 500 AD with the Muslim invasion by the Turks and a new religion was brought to India.

9.     In 325 AD Constantine called for a gathering of all churches, what has been named the Council of Nicaea, a hierarchy was formed, which rapidly developed into the establishment of the Roman Catholic Church

10. 416 AD The Catholics churches first legislative enactment was the law of Infant Baptism, making infant baptism compulsatory; thus abrogating New Testament standards of believer’s baptism, and voluntary personal obedience in baptism.

11. A. D. 426, the, "Dark Ages," had its beginnings. The, "Dark Ages," was previously, and formally recognized, by Siricius, Bishop of Rome 384-398.

12. Up to 50 million non-Catholics, of the various Anabaptist groups had persecuted unto death. The true amount of Baptist and other Christians from other groups will never be known until we reach heaven.

13. In 451 AD at the fourth Ecumenical council held at Chalcedon the false doctrine of Mariolatry, or worship of Mary was established out of a desire to have a mediator between God and man.

14. Constantinople, the eastern Roman capital; built by emperor Constantine on the site of the ancient city of Byzantium, when the Roman empire collapsed in 476 AD the city became the capital of the new Byzantine Empire.  The Western Roman Empire was replaced with a number of Germanic kingdoms.

15. In 622 AD Mohammed leads Muslims from Mecca to Medina and Islam spreads throughout the Muslim Empire.  

16. About 700 AD the first empire in Africa to rise to power was called Ghana, which was located along a major trade route for gold and iron.

17. In 732 AD Charles “Martel” abruptly halted the spread of Islam to France with victory of Islamic Spain at the Battle of Tours.

18. 787 AD Second council of Nicaea promulgated the false doctrines of image worship, and saint worship in violation of Gods word (Ex 20:3-5)

19. In 793 AD the first documented raid, the Vikings raided an English island of Lindisfarn; beginning a nearly 300 year invasion of the Vikings across Europe.

20. The Heian Period of Japan 794 AD- 1185 AD, art, writing and poetry flourished, and the world’s first novel ‘The Tale of Genji’ was written.

21. 976 AD Basil II becomes emperor of Byzantium and the empire enters the Byzantine Golden Age.

22. Intrigued by previous sightings of land in 1003 AD at the age of 21 Leif Ericsson discovers North America.

23. In1066 AD, William the conqueror, duke of Normandy, was crowned King of England after the Battle of Hastings settled a dispute to the crown between the King of Norway, Harold of Wessex and William the conqueror.

24. In 1096 AD Palestine became the center of a struggle for political and religious power when the pope of the Roman Catholic Church called for the first of 8 crusades to free the Holy Land from Muslim Control

25. The quarrel between the Pope and the Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire over the choosing of bishops was settles in 1122 AD with the Concordat of Worms; continued disputes however led to a gradual separation of church and state.

26. In 1123 AD Western council called for a decree of celibacy for Roman priests meaning they were never to marry.

27. 1139 AD Pope Innocent II condemns devout Christians known as the Petrobrusians and Arnoldists

28. 1179 AD Alexander III condemns devout Christians known as the Waldenses and Albigenses

29. 1215 AD Pope Innocent III called council which put forth the false doctrines of Transubstantiation, which taught the bread and wine of communion was turned into the actual body and blood of Christ after a prayer by the pries; and Auricular confession, confession ones sins into the ear of a priest.  

30. 1215 A.D. Pope Innocent III created the, "Inquisition."

31. 1229 Council at Toulouse decreed the Bible to be denied to all laymen in defiance of Gods word (John 5:39)

32. 1231 AD The beginning of the Inquisition; a group of institutions with in the judicial system of the Roman Catholic Church whose aim was to combat ‘heresy’, known for cruelty, bloodshed and torture; many devout Christians were martyred during this time for refusal to align with the errors of the state church.

33. Encouraged by a family of traders in 1271 AD Marco Polo travels east and discovers China, returning after spending 20 years and being made governor, opening up the western world to the wonders of China.

34. In 1377 AD stirred by grievous errors seen in the church John Wycliffe debated controversial subject with Pope Gregory XI.  With their disputes unsettled Pope Gregory XI has Wycliffe fired from teaching at Oxford, and has his writings burned.  This incident inspired John Wycliffe into starting his greatest work, the translation of the Bible from Latin to English.  John Wycliffe then became known as the “Morning Star of the Reformation”

35. At the age of 17, Joan of Arc led the French to victory against the British.  In 1431 AD accused of heresy and witchcraft Joan of Arc was burnt at the stake; 500 years latter however she was made a saint.

36. In 1456 AD Johannes Gutenberg invents the printing press, printing over 300 copies of ‘Jerome’s Latin Vulgate’.  Latter the Lollards strong believers set up the first printing press in England, for use of printing Bibles in English.






English Grammar Rules

Grammar Stage

Taken From The English Handbook, ACE Inc

Everything you need to know about English homework, scholastic publishing

1.     The vowels are A, E, I, O, and U. Each vowel has a long and short sound.

2.     All other letters that are not vowels are consonants. 

3.     A noun is the name of a person, place, thing, idea or animal

4.     Most singular nouns are made plural by adding –s to the end of the word.  (dog- dogs)

5.     If a singular noun ends with s, ss, x, ch or sh it is made plural by adding es  (house- houses, dress-dresses, box-boxes, porch-porches, marsh- marshes)

6.     If a singular noun ends with y, look at the letter just before the y.  If the letter is a vowel add s. (boy- boys) If the letter is a consonant change the y to i and add –es (party- parties)

7.     If a singular noun ends with f or fe, sometimes the f or fe changes to v and –es is added.  (shelf- shelves; loaf- loaves)

8.     A common noun names a kind of thing, but not a particular thing.

9.     A proper noun is the name of a particular person, place or thing. A proper noun must always begin with a capital letter.

10. A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun.

11. An adjective is a word that describes a noun by telling how many, what size, or what color. 

12. A verb is an action word; it tells what is happening in the sentence.

13. An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.

14. A preposition is a word in a sentence that shows the connection between a noun or pronoun to another word in the sentence.  A preposition usually tells where something is, where something is going, or when something is happening.

15. A prepositional phrase is a group of words working together in a sentence.  The phrase always begins with a preposition, and ends with a noun or pronoun. 

16. Conjunctions are words that join words, phrases, clauses and sentences.

17. Interjections are words, phrases, and nonsense words that express strong feelings.  (A ha, Oops)

18. A declarative sentence tells or states something.

19. An interrogative sentence asks a question.

20. An imperative sentence expresses a command or request.

21. An exclamatory sentence shows great feeling or excitement.

22. We use capital letters for the first letters of proper nouns and for their abbreviations.

23. We use capital letters for the first letters of the first word of a sentence

24. We use capital letters for the first letters of the first, last and all-important words in the titles of reports and stories

25. We use capital letters for the first letters of countries, states, cities, towns, streets, avenues, and roads.

26. We use capital letters for the first letters of the names of days of the week and months of the year.

27. The letter I as a pronoun is always capitalized.

28. The first word of a direct quotation is always capitalized.

29. A period is used at the end of a statement sentence and following abbreviations.

30. A comma is used to group words that belong together and separate those that do not.

31. Use quotation marks before and after the direct words of a conversation.

32. A hyphen is used to separate a compound adjective when it precedes the word it modifies, and to separate the parts of some compound nouns.

33. An apostrophe is used in contractions where letters have been left out. (can’t)

34. A paragraph is a series of sentences about one subject or topic. Every sentence in the paragraph must tell something about that one subject.

35. The first word in every paragraph is indented.

36. The topic sentence in the paragraph states the subject or main thought of the paragraph.






Math Rules


1.     Skip counting by 1’s

2.     Skip counting by 2’s

3.     Skip counting by 3’s

4.     Skip counting by 4’s

5.     Skip counting by 5’s

6.     Skip counting by 6’s

7.     Skip counting by 7’s

8.     Skip counting by 8’s

9.     Skip counting by 9’s

10. Skip counting by 10’s

11. Skip counting by 11’s

12. Skip counting by 12’s

13. Skip counting by 13’s

14. Skip counting by 14’s

15. Skip counting by 15’s

16. Skip counting by 25’s (use money terms after 100)

17. Commutative Property: The sum of two or more numbers will always be the same, no matter in what order you add them.

18. Associative Property: No matter how you group a series of numbers, they will always add up to the same sum.

19. Distributive Property: Multiplication and addition can be linked together by distributing the multiplier over the addends in an equation.

20. Order of Operations; 1) Operations in parentheses and exponents; 2) multiplication and division from L to R; 3) addition and subtraction from L to R.

21. To remember the Order of Operations simply remember “My Dear Aunt Sally” …Multiplication, Division, Addition, and Subtraction…

22. 12 inches (in) in 1 foot (ft)

23. 3 feet (ft) in 1 yard (yd)

24. 36 inches (in) in 1 yard (yd)

25. 10 millimeters (mm) in 1 centimeter (cm)

26. 10 centimeters (cm) in 1 decimeter (dm)

27. 100 centimeters (cm) in 1 meter (m)

28. 1000 meters (m) in 1 kilometer (km)

29. 1 kilogram  (kg) equals 2.204 pounds (lbs)

30. 16 ounces (oz) in 1 pound (lb)

31. Water freezes at 32 degrees Fahrenheit and 0 degrees Celsius

32. Water boils at 212 degrees Fahrenheit and 100 degrees Celsius

33.  60 seconds in 1 minute

34. 60 minutes in 1 hour

35. 24 hours in 1 day

36.  7 days in 1 week

 Science Facts


Adapted from The Institute for Creation Research

Us borne Science Encyclopedia

Everything you need to know about Science homework by Scholastic Publishers


1.     God who alone has existed from eternity supernaturally created the physical universe.

2.     Biological life did not evolve, but was specially and supernaturally created by God.

3.     Each major kind of plant and animal was created functionally complete from the beginning and did not evolve into some other kind of organism.

4.     Changes in basic kinds of plants and animals since their first creation are limited to "horizontal" changes (variations) within the kinds, or "downward" changes (e.g., harmful mutations, extinctions), this is called adaptation.

5.     The first human beings did not evolve from an animal ancestry, but were specially created in fully human form from the start.

6.     Every living thing is made up of one or more tiny units called cells.

7.     Carolus Linnaeus (1707- 1778) developed a naming system based on Latin to name living things, genus is Latin for race or birth and species is Latin for kind.  Each animal has a genus and species name.

8.     Scientists classify organisms by identifying its main features, placing them in groups, and then smaller groups. This method is called a biological key.

9.     The largest groups that things can be sorted are called kingdoms. 

10. The five kingdoms of living things include; plants, fungi, animals, protista, and monera.

11. Kingdoms are broken down into- taxa- phylum- classes- order- family- genera- species

12. Invertebrates are animals without backbones and are the largest division of the animal kingdom.

13. Major invertebrate phylum includes; Sponges, stinging cell animals, flatworms, roundworms, segmented worms, mollusks, sea stars, and arthropods.

14. Arthropods, includes insects, and is the largest phylum with more than 800,000 known species.

15. All arthropods have exoskeletons made usually of chitin, jointed limbs, and hairs or bristles that act as sensory organs.

16. Insects have bodies made up of three parts; head, thorax, and abdomen.

17. Insects breathe through small holes in their bodies called spiracles.

18. Vertebrates are animals with backbones.

19. Vertebra phylum include; Fish, Amphibians, Reptiles, Birds, and Mammals

20. Mammals are the only animals with hair; female mammals produce milk for their young.

21.  The word Dinosaur means terrible lizard and was invented 150 years ago.  Behemoth and Leviathan are biblical words referring to two different types of dinosaurs in the book of Job.  

22. Most animals are capable of moving from place to place at some stage in their life, called locomotion

23. Dolphins have broad paddle like front fins called flippers.

24. Some fish with bone skeletons have a swim bladder filled with air that is regulated to allow the fish to float if it stops swimming.

25. Birds were created with smooth light feathers, powerful wings, and hollow bones to help them fly.

26. Animals that spend most or all of their lives on land are called terrestrial animals.

27. Animals with teeth are called dentate, and use their teeth to tear chew or grind their food.

28. Meat eating animals are called carnivores.

29. Plant eating animals are called herbivores.

30. Animals that eat both plants and meat are called omnivores.

31. Most water dwelling animals take in oxygen through gills, or branchiae

32. Amphibians are animals that live in both water and land, and breathe in water or air.

33. All reptiles, birds and mammals have a pair of lungs for breathing.

34. Animals regulate their temperature and other bodily substances through a process called homeostasis.

35. Mammals and birds keep their body the same internal temperature and are called warm blooded.

36. Cold-blooded animals body temperature changes with their surroundings. 



A special thanks to Alan for his help with the History portion.  Hope this blesses another homeschool :) 

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  • Independent Fundamental Baptist

Research AD 777, another milestone.

I got this;  The year 777 AD is most know for: The event of Charlemage defeating the Saxons, and the births of Pippin of Italy, Queen Bertha of Toulouse, Yuhanna Ibn Masawaiyh, St. Barnard and Hildegard, the daughter of Emperor Charlemagne

I recognize the name Charlemage, but I do not know the event, nor its significance. Thanks I will have to read more about it.  Loving history now as an adult, hated it as a teen.  

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