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Reformed Theology is the same as Covenant Theology. Covenant Theology uses an historical-grammatical method of Bible interpretation for many passages, but also uses the allegorical or spiritualizing method of Bible interpretation for a number of prophetic passages dealing with the future of Israel and the future Kingdom of God. Covenant Theology believes that the Church existed in Old Testament times and that Israel was a major part of the Church in the Old Testament. Therefore Covenant/Reformed Theology teach that the nation of Israel and the Church are the same, which leads right into Replacement Theology, that the Church has now replaced Israel in the NT. Dispensational Theology does not use the allegorical or spiritualizing method of Bible interpretation, but uses only the historical-grammatical method of Bible interpretation--which means that words are given the common, ordinary meaning meaning which they had in the culture and time in which the passage was written. IOW, dispensationalism recognizes a distinction between the nation of Israel and the Church. Dispensational Theology teaches that the nation of Israel and the Church are two distinct entities. Conclusion: Reformed/Covenant Theology = Replacement Theology. The reason for this teaching is the method of Bible interpretation....allegorical vs. literal.