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1 “EORRORS OF CALVANISM” Doctrine originated by a man – Did not begin with John Calvin, (1509 – 1564) It began with “Augustine” - (354-429) It flourished under Calvin who greatly showed his influence in Catholicism, the Presbyterian church and the Church of Christ, as with others. Calvanism claims that the Bible itself is the true source of this religious system. His background was Roman Catholicism, from which his doctrine was greatly influenced, rather than from the Bible. 2 Five points of Calvanism Came about actually 50 years after the death of Calvin. These five points were first set forth in order as an expression of opposition to the five points of Arminianism. Calvanism hangs deeply on the doctrine of “Election” - meaning; God choses some to be saved, and others to be lost, and also the doctrine of “Sovereignty” - but does not reveal the reason why. Calvanism has been summed up by the acrostic T-U-L-I-P. 3 T-U-L-I-P T – Total depravity U – Unconditional election L – Limited atonement I – Irresistible grace P – perseverance of the saints 4 “Amenian doctrine” 1 – Conditional election and reprobation, in opposition to the absolute predestination taught by Calvin. 2 – Universal redemption, or that the atonement was made by Christ for all mankind, though none but believers can be partakers of the benefit. 3 – That man, in order to exercise true faith, must be regenerated and renewed by the operation of the Holy Spirit which is the gift of God. 4 – That man may resist divine grace. 5 – That man may relapse from a state of grace – in opposition to Calvin's doctrine of the perseverance of the saints. Wesleyans of Great Britain and Methodists of America are Armenian. 5 The Contrasts Armenian = A, Calvanism = C Depravity: A – Man is depraved, lost, guilty, but has been helped so that he can believe if he will. Depravity: C – Man is totally depraved. He is dead. Depravity indicates inability. Man's will is not free, but enslaved by sin. I am a Biblicist, not Calvanist or Arminian. I believe the Bible as Authority, Not John Calvin or Jacobus Arminus. 6 Election A – God elected those whom He foresaw would believe. C – God's election rested solely in His own sovereign will. It is not based on anything foreseen in man. Redemption A – Christ died to provide salvation for all. Those who believe will be saved. C – Christ died to provide salvation for all and to secure and guarantee salvation for the elect. Faith is necessary to salvation, and faith is certain since the means as well as the end are secured. This is known as particular redemption and sometimes called limited atonement (a poor term). 7 Obedience A – Man can obey the gospel call or disobey and reject. God's grace is not invincible, but can be and often is rejected and thwarted by man. C – Man can obey the gospel called or disobey, but God makes certain that the inward call to the elect is willingly obeyed. God's plan of election is invincible and will not be thwarted. Security A – Believers can lose their salvation. (Armenius was uncertain about this.) C – True believers (elect) are eternally secure. 8 Questions of Mystery! How can God be sovereign and how can man be responsible? How can there be responsibility without ability? How can limits be placed on an infinite sacrifice? Great preachers have strongly emphasized both divine sovereignty and human responsibility. You might be surprised that C. H. Spurgeon leaned toward Calvanism, although he strongly disagreed with the doctrine of limited atonement. 9 TOTALLY DEPRAVITY The phrases of Calvanism appear nowhere in the scriptures – Gen. To Rev. Depravity equals inability. Man, being dead, does not have to ability to believe, or call on God for salvation. This necessitates both Unconditional Election and Irresistible Grace. From the canons of Dort declare: “Therefore all men. . .without the regenerating grace of the Holy Spirit. . .are neither able nor willing to return to God. . .nor to dispose themselves to reformation. This statement is an expression of human opinion without biblical support. Question: How is it that a person is unwilling to do what he is unable to do? 10 The Bible teaches that man is morally corrupt (Jer. 17:9. Rom. 3:10-18). That he is dead in trespasses and sins (Eph. 2:1). That he is spiritually blind (1 Cor. 2:14). But is does not teach that man cannot respond to the Gospel. Just the opposite, the Bible teaches that Christ gives light to every man, (Jn. 1:9) He draws all men to himself (Jn 12:32), He convicts men through the Holy Spirit (Jn 16:8). God calls men to salvation through the gospel, (2 Thes. 2:14), And He has ordained that the gospel be preached to every creature (Mk. 16:15). 11 Unconditional Election They teach that some are elected by God to go to heaven, and others are elected by God to go to hell. They use Jn 6:37 - “All that the Father giveth me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me I will in no wise cast out.” But vs 40 explains vs 37. It is God's will that every one that believes on Christ will be saved. The ones that the Father gives to the Son are those who believe on Him. 12 They use Jn. 6:44 “No man can come to me except the Father which hath sent me draw him; and I will raise him up at the last day.” A threefold problem: 1 – Christ said He would draw all men to Himself (Jn. 12:32, 1:9) 2 – The Bible says God desires all men to be saved (1 Tim. 2:3-4, 2 Pet. 3:9), those who are rejected are those who reject the truth and do not believe. (2 Thes. 2:10, 12) 3 – God draws men through the gospel (2 Thes. 2:14, and the gospel is to preached to every man. (Mk. 16:15) 13 They use Acts 13:48 “And when the Gentiles heard this, they were glad, and glorified the word of the Lord; and as man as were ordained to eternal life believed.” But verse 46 explains: “Then Paul and Barnabas waxed bold, and said, It was necessary that the word of God should first have been spoken to you: but seeing ye put it from you, and judge yourselves unworthy of everlasting life, lo, we turn to the Gentiles.” It was because they did not believe, not because they were not chosen. Calvanism confuses such words as: Election, Predestination, and foreordained. It is man who “elects” to believe. It is God who predestines all who do believe, to eternal life. It is God who, in His foreknowledge, knows who will believe, and thus foreordains them to eternal life. (Jn. 3:16) Belief is the key word: (1 Pet. 2:6, Jn. 11:25, Jn. 6:47, Mk. 16:16, Jn. 3:36, Jn. 3:15-18). Call is another key word: (Rom. 10:13) 14 Limited Atonement God loves all men (Jn. 3:16) God desires all men to be saved (2 Pet. 3:9) God has commanded that the gospel be preached to every person (Mk. 16:15) Jesus was a ransom for all men (1 Tim. 2:6) Jesus tasted death for all men (Heb. 2:9) Jesus provided propitiation for all men (1 Jn. 2:2) Jesus bought even unsaved false teachers (2 Pet. 2:1) The iniquity of all men was laid on Jesus (Isa. 53:6) If the first part of Isa. 53:6 is universal, the second part can not be limited. 15 Irresistible Grace It is clear that God extends Grace to all men, but it is man who rejected that Grace. Cain for instance: (Gen. 4:6-7) The world before the flood: (Gen. 6:3) Israel of old: (Rom. 10:21) Israel of Christ's day: (Matt. 23:37, Jn. 5:40) Jews of Paul's day: (Acts 13:46) 16 Perseverance of the Saints This, of course, means that one has to persevere in order to stay saved. It is a denial of “eternal security”. A denial of eternal security, means that salvation depends on man to hold out, rather upon God who gives it. In other words: Eternal does not mean eternal, etc. and grace is not grace. Eph. 2: 8-9 – We are saved through faith (believing), by the grace of God – not of ourselves. Faith comes before salvation, (man responds to the conviction of the Holy Spirit, by grace). Faith comes through hearing, and hearing by the Word of God. 17 A Summary If God elects only certain ones to be saved and others to be lost; if one cannot resist the Grace of God, if there is a limit on the atonement made by Christ; there would be no need for Missionaries, no need for the church, no need for preaching the gospel, no need for the great commission, no need for visitation programs, no need for soul-winning, no need for repenting, no need for study the word, no need for printing and handing out tracts, no need for believing. And God would be lying when he says: “Whosoever will may come”. And, “whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.” Most Calvanist are probably saved, but just confused on the Scriptures.